Paul Rolland, Night Watchman, Night Watchman Ministries
Ten ‘10’ Denotes God’s divine ‘COMPLETENESS’ as to things on EARTH. In Revelation 10, he is opening up the ancient scrolls and ‘little book’ of prophecy that Daniel was told to ‘SEAL UP’ and not write of what was spoken. He was prophetically being told additional things that would transpire or occur ‘in the end of days’ and during the 7 year ‘tribulation.
Daniel 12:4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the ‘time of the end’: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.
Daniel 12:9 And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the ‘time of the end’.
‘Time of the End’:
Revelation ‘10’ And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire:
2 And he had in his hand a ‘little book open’: (NWN; Daniels ‘little book’ is now being opened by God’s Great Angel of Prophecy) and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth,
3 And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven ‘7’ thunders uttered their voices.
(NWN; I ‘discern’ that these are seven ‘7’ other great prophecy angels who are ‘confirming’ that NOW IS THE TIME to OPEN DANIEL’S ‘END TIME’ Book of Future Prophecy.’)
4 And when the seven ‘7’ thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven ‘7’ thunders uttered, and write them not.
5 And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven,
6 And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer:
(NWN; The Great Prophecy Angel is proclaiming the ‘LAST DAYS or END TIMES’ have come, in no uncertain terms, and that NOW IS THE TIME to reveal prophecy related TO the Last Days or End Times and Tribulation.)
7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh ‘7’ angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.
(NWN; Seven ‘7’ denotes God’s divine completion to his plan or purpose for this ‘7th’ prophecy angel to commence and complete prophecy related to the Last Days and End Times. Think of the Great Prophecy Angel as a ‘General’ and the ‘7th’ prophecy angel as a Major or Colonel or someone of rank who has been given authority to physically ‘begin something or start something.’)
8 And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go and take the little book which is open (NWN; notice that the ‘little book’ is OPEN) in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth.
(NWN; the prophecy angel(s) are HANDING the little book to physically alive men on the earth. In essence, they are handing or ‘transferring’ the ‘little book of prophecy’ to physical men ALIVE on the EARTH during the ‘End Times’ or ‘Last Days.’ God conveys prophecy to Angels who in turn are ‘messengers’ of God’s prophecy to mortal men alive. Angels, throughout the past 6,000 years have been ‘messengers’ for God to mankind.)
9 And I went unto the angel, and said unto him, Give me the little book. And he said unto me, Take it, and eat it up; and it shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be in thy mouth sweet as honey.
(NWN; this is a ‘discernment’ on my part. ‘Take it and eat it’ is a spiritual ‘consumption’ of understanding the End Times and God’s related prophecies to go along with ‘signs of the times.’ It takes ‘7’ knowledge, wisdom, obedience, humility, persistence, prayer and the Holy Spirit’ to work prophecy in man’kind. This is a great and wonderful thing, just like a ‘7’ course meal. However, once the prophecies are apparent ‘consumed and understood’ they will be prone to make one sick to the stomach because of what they foretell. Just like eating a ’7’ course meal will likely make you feel like you could explode. God’s UNFILTERD WRATH poured on evil man’kind who refuse Him, and refuse His Son Jesus Christ and His eternal offer of salvation. Seeing prophecy happen and unfold is a wonderful and miraculous thing. Understanding the implications of seeing prophecy unfold, leaves one’s stomach bitter and sour because of the ‘gastrointestinal storm’ that is coming. Pass-the-antacid-pills, please.)
10 And I took the little book out of the angel’s hand, and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as honey: and as soon as I had eaten it, my belly was bitter.
(NWN; the prophecy angel was prophesying what would happen to anyone who attempted to reveal what was in the ‘little book.’ This verse ‘confirms’ that what was prophesied, did in fact occur and was experienced by those given the task of being Watchmen. This also ‘suggests’ that some men are ‘willingly’ allowing themselves to be Watchmen because they consciously love prophecy (God’s Word) and are completely open and receptive to it.)
11 And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.
(NWN; since this is verse ‘11’ it suggests a WARNING(S). The purpose of prophecy is to inform, proclaim and WARN. It suggests that the Watchmen who proclaim the Word of God, will have their ‘7’ words, letters, videos, blogs, sermons, articles and books proclaim God’s WILL to those during the End Times / Last Days and Tribulation period. God has ALWAYS used Holy Angels and physical men (Moses, Elijah, Daniel, Enoch, and others) to speak on behalf of God. He will do this also through the Tribulation via; 1. Prophecy revealed to mankind via his ‘little book’ to Watchmen, 2. The ‘two witnesses’, ‘lampstands’ or candles who proclaims God’s light to the world for the first 3.5 years of the tribulation, 3. The various Angel warnings given to men to NOT TAKE THE MARK of the BEAST and lastly, 4. The 144,000 Jewish Evangelists who have the ‘seal of God’ in their foreheads (and NOT the mark of the Beast) who proclaim Jesus Christ’s offer of Salvation ONE LAST TIME, before the 7 year tribulation ends.)
Acts 2:17-21 And it shall come to pass ‘in the last days’, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy: And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:
Joel 2:28-29 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: 29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids ‘in those days’
Digital ID verification: Using a mobile device to prove your identity.
Help Net Security April 19, 2022
It’s important to understand that passwords are not passports. Using biometrics, which is a great security advancement, is not the same as identity, says Leonard Navarro, VP of Business Development at Nametag.
The deeper digital next step is to bind the physical form of a government ID to a person’s actual identity. This allows a person to prove its own identity through a mobile device, from anywhere, for a more secure access to online accounts, he notes.
In this video for Help Net Security, Navarro gives a snapshot of the digital ID verification industry, market, provides some use cases and talks about technology advances in this space.
‘7’ The Coming Infrared Biometric Vaccination QR Code’ (5) ‘Mark of the Beast System’:
(Five (5); Digital ID, Vaccination Passport, Biometric Infrared Scanning, Vaccine ‘Mark’ or ‘code/number’ of Approval or Authorization, 5G Technology/Network.)
The ‘coming’ mark will most likely involve a ‘subdermal’ (non-hypodermic needle) application of the next wave of vaccinations, that will include a form of ‘digital data memory’ indicating date and time of vaccination. This ‘mark’ of vaccination will involve a sub-dermal outline or image representing a ‘branding’ that can be scanned and revealed by infrared light at a retail checkout point scanner. Just as many people have a physical vaccination ‘mark’ on their arm from getting shots in the 1960s, the coming vaccination mark will be subtle and reside ‘inside’ the human body affecting and indicating a genomic change in the recipient. This is an abomination viewed by God and causes the recipient to lose ‘Imager Status before God’ and results in eternal damnation. The vaccination ‘mark’ has to be easily accessible by scanners and retail checkout points, hence the recipient will have the option of receiving the vaccination ‘patch’ either on their hand or forehead for ‘scannability.’ The patch or medium itself ‘dissolves’ on the exterior of the skin, as the vaccination and information is administered or delivered under the skin. Some technology is currently under development that will possibly allow for the recipient’s health status and response to the vaccine to be ‘scanned’ and ‘verified’ or ‘validated’ at retail or social checkpoints. The purpose of which is to identify whether or not the vaccine has actually worked (and is working) on the recipient’s body / immune system / genetics / RNA / DNA, in addition to informing authorities as to date, time, dosage and manufacturer of said ‘medicine.’
False Prophet (The WORLD’S Greatest Social ‘Influencer’). ‘Go ahead, get the jab, it is good for you, it is good for humanity, it is the ‘moral’ thing to do.’
Revelation 13:16-17 And he [false prophet, pope, pontiff] causeth ALL, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a [‘subdermal, infrared, vaccination, smart’] mark IN their right hand, or IN their foreheads: And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the [‘subdermal, infrared, vaccination, smart’] mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. (Emphasis mine. Discernment mine.)
And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he [false prophet, pope, pontiff] DECEIVED THEM that had received the [‘subdermal, infrared, vaccination, smart’] mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. (Emphasis mine. Discernment mine.)
And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had NOT worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.
5G + Biometric Facial / Hand Scanning + Digital / Cashless Transactions + Mark of Approval / Authorization = Tomorrow’s Economy (2020-2027). Why 2020? Because these ‘things’ have already occurred (past tense) elsewhere (China, India, Asia and a few countries in Europe) in the world in 2020, even though they have not yet occurred in the ‘United’ States.
Biometric scanning used for migrant/border control, secure identity verification and approval, government benefits, domestic and international travel security, economic inclusion of everyone, buying/selling transactions and fund transfers, instantaneous speed of transaction and convenience, VAT/taxation collection, mobility, social credit score and ranking, population movement and tracking, monitoring political and religious ‘extremism’ (terrorists). ‘Mark, number or name’ for verification and approval.
‘Any foreign material(s) should NOT be injected into the human body that causes any kind of change in genetic makeup or structure of a human being. This could be five (5) genetic ‘manipulation’, ‘enhancement’, ‘cutting’, ‘modification’, or ‘alteration.’
And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image. [Symptom or result from having ‘received’ the mark, a result from having changed or damaged a person’s RNA, DNA, Immune System or Genetics].
Both American vaccines use messenger RNA (mRNA) to combat the virus. That is an advanced genetic therapy that uses the virus’ own genetic material against it. Kendrick, however, warns that the technology isreally new and untested, meaning no one really knows how it could affect human health, since it literally hijacks the cellular reproduction mechanism. “We really do not know what these things might end up doing after a prolonged period of time.”
“The plague year of 2020 will be remembered as the time when traditional vaccines were supplanted by something fundamentally new: genetic vaccines, which deliver a gene or piece of genetic code into human cells. The genetic instructions then cause the cells to produce, on their own, safe components of the target virus in order to stimulate the patient’s immune system.”
‘The MARK’ may not be here just yet, but it will be shortly … in terms of a year or two (2023). Verification that a ‘genetic manipulation’ has been administered and will be evident, either in the hand or in the forehead by infrared biometric scanning to enable travel, buying and selling. Do you still ‘want to take’ the jab even if it is not yet administered in your hand or in your forehead in some other manner? If you are curious, please read my other analyses on ‘why’ getting ‘the mark’ is such a bad (understatement) thing in the eyes of God. It is one thing to understand that people in the extremely near future should NOT GET THE MARK. It is another thing to UNDERSTAND WHY THEY SHOULD NOT GET A MARK. This is not a ‘conspiracy theory,’ but the Word of God. I have provided the requisite verses from the Bible, regarding God’s comments about ‘the mark’ of the coming world beast system.
NO ‘MICROCHIP’ NEEDED. Implantable Quantum Dot Microneedle Vaccine INFRARED Delivery System:
MIT researchers have now developed a novel way to record a patient’s vaccination history: storing the data in a pattern of dye, invisible to the naked eye, that is delivered under the skin at the same time as the vaccine. This technology could enable the rapid and anonymous detection of patient vaccination history. The researchers showed that their new dye, which consists of nanocrystals called quantum dots, can remain for at least five (5) years under the skin, where it emits [near-infrared light] that can be detected by a specially equipped smartphone. To create an “on-patient,” decentralized medical record, the researchers developed a new type of copper-based quantum dots, which emit light in the [near-infrared spectrum]. The dots are only about 4 nanometers in diameter, but they are encapsulated in biocompatible microparticles that form spheres about 20 microns in diameter. This encapsulation allows the dye to remain in place, under the skin, after being injected. The researchers designed their dye to be delivered by a microneedle ‘patch’ rather than a traditional syringe and needle. Such patches are now being developed to deliver vaccines for measles, rubella, and other diseases, and the researchers showed that their dye could be easily incorporated into these patches. The microneedles used in this study are made from a mixture of dissolvable sugar and a polymer called PVA, as well as the quantum-dot dye and the vaccine. When the patch is applied to the skin, the microneedles, which are 1.5 millimeters long, partially dissolve, releasing their payload within about two minutes.
By selectively loading microparticles into microneedles, the patches deliver a pattern in the skin that is invisible to the naked eye but can be scanned with a smartphone that has the [infrared] filter removed. The patch can be customized to imprint different patterns that correspond to the type of vaccine delivered. “It’s possible that this ‘invisible’ approach could create new possibilities for data storage, biosensing, and vaccine applications that could improve how medical care is provided, particularly in the developing world,” Langer says.
The quantum-dot patterns could be detected by smartphone cameras after up to five (5) years of simulated sun exposure. The researchers are also working on expanding the amount of data that can be encoded in a single pattern, allowing them to include information such as the date of vaccine administration and the lot number of the vaccine batch. “Storage, access, and control of medical records is an important topic with many possible approaches.” “This study presents a novel approach where the medical record is stored and controlled by the patient within the patient’s skin in a minimally invasive and elegant way.” The research was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Koch Institute Support (core) Grant from the National Cancer Institute.
APPLE FACE and PALM ‘INFRARED Photo Detectors’ biometrics planned in 2023 iPhones.
Face ID Infrared biometrics cameras are coming to Apple devices in 2023. A series of patent filings by Apple have hinted at the company’s work on under-display biometric cameras, with the latest published in February (2021). Apple eyes next-generation biometric scanners for under-display Touch ID. ‘[Infrared photodetectors] could be used for biometric user identification and authentication in the palm or face.’ A new patent application by Apple is signaling the company’s emphasis on biometric ‘photodetector’ technology for under-display touch identification to be potentially deployed on its devices. The sensors include biometric sensors, depth sensors, and cameras. Apple’s listed uses of the photodetectors include security and health monitoring. Arrays of these photodetectors may be deployed to scan fingerprint, palm print, 3D face, or eye biometrics. The [photodetectors could be used for biometric user identification and authentication.] Photodetectors emit electromagnetic radiation against an object such as a finger, face, or stylus. Once reflected by the object, this radiation returns a backscatter which then passes back through the display to register the object’s information. The document also refers to the possibility of using optical, ultrasonic, thermal or other sensing technologies within the system. In addition to this, the photodetectors are also capable of obtaining ophthalmic scans, ECG, and pulse for health monitoring. Other uses of the scanners include palm scanning for social matching and social networking. Apple’s research and development of technology for monitoring health metrics, three patent applications describe [Infrared transceivers] for object recognition. The [infrared transceivers], which may be used in telephones include beam-steering technology and will likely be used for augmented object recognition via visible and [infrared light]. According to the filing, the device can sense objects in a variety of light conditions including visible light, UV, and [infrared spectrum] ranges.
Vaccine INFRARED ‘Micro-Needle SMART Patch’
“Nanocrystals called quantum dots, can remain for at least FIVE (5) years under the skin, forming an ‘image’, where they emit near-[infrared light] that can be detected by a specially equipped smartphone.” (MIT researchers FUNDED by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation).
‘Infrared’ Mark of the Beast, 2023 to 2028 = FIVE (5) YEARS.
FIVE (5) is the number denoting Satanic influence over the behavior of evil man’kind (666).
2023 ‘INFRARED’ SMART Phones
2023 ‘INFRARED’ VACCINE MICRO-NEEDLE SMART Patches
Come June, 2021 … 2023 is ONLY 18 (6+6+6) months in the future.
Revelation 13:16-17 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to [receive a mark IN their right hand, or IN their foreheads]:And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.
My discernment is that;
2023 / 2024 will mark the ‘roll-out’ of the ‘MARK’ of the BEAST.
2025 will mark the ‘mid-point’ of the 7 Year Tribulation, the Abomination of Desolation revealing the BEAST to be the ANTICHRIST, the Destruction of ‘Mystery Religion’, the beginning of worshipping the BEAST and his IMAGE, and the ‘BEHEADING’ of those who refuse the Beast’s MARK, refuse to worship the BEAST or his IMAGE. Until 2025, Christians will be ‘protected’ under the MYSTERY RELIGION doctrine of (5) ‘inter-religious dialogue, brotherhood, human fraternity, coexistence and false religious / political peace.’ Upon the enactment of the Antichrist’s Abomination of Desolation and the abolishment of the Mystery Religion, is when BOTH the Jews will become persecuted and have to flee Jerusalem AND Christians will start to be BEHEADED because they will refuse to get the mark and refuse to worship the BEAST and his IMAGE. Beheadings will last during the FINAL 3.5 years of the Tribulation (Great Tribulation) and cease at the end of 2028 / 2029.
The ‘mark’ comes shortly, during the tribulation, but the Bride is ‘not here.’ The ‘current’ vaccine(s) are NOT the mark, yet. But they are a ‘precursor’ (‘NORMALIZATION’) of the beast system process, getting people accustomed to getting ‘tagged’, ‘marked’ or ‘branded.’
8 References to ‘BE WATCHING or WATCHFUL.’ ‘8’ indicates that a new ‘era or epoch’ is arriving. Be it the rapture, the tribulation, the year of the Jews redemption or the year of the onset (2028/29) of the 1000 year millennial reign of Christ (2028/29-3028/29).
Matthew 24:42; Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.
Matthew 25:13; Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.
Mark 13:35; Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the morning.
Luke 21:36; Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man
Luke 12:37-39; Blessed are those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them. And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find them so, blessed are those servants. And this know, that if the goodman of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through.
‘Increasing Like Labor Pains.’ ‘Fearful Sights.’ ‘Perilous Times.’ ‘Men’s hearts failing with fear.’ Great Convergence of Signs.’ REDEMPTION IMMINENT.
In His Service,
Night Watchman Ministries
Make Your Decision for Christ NOW!!!!!!! Time is Up!!!!!!!
Jesus Christ’s Offer of Salvation:
The ABCs of Salvation through Jesus Christ (the Lamb)
A. Admit/Acknowledge/Accept that you are sinner. Ask God’s forgiveness and repent of your sins.
. . . “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.” (Romans 3:23).
. . . “As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one.” (Romans 3:10).
. . . “If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.” (1 John 1:8).
B. Believe Jesus is Lord. Believe that Jesus Christ is who He claimed to be; that He was both fully God and fully man and that we are saved through His death, burial, and resurrection. Put your trust in Him as your only hope of salvation. Become a son or daughter of God by receiving Christ.
. . . “That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. (John 3:15-17). For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” (Romans 10:13).
C. Call upon His name, Confess with your heart and with your lips that Jesus is your Lord and Savior.
. . . “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.” (Romans 10:9-10).
. . . “If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.” (John 1:8-10).
. . . “And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. (John 2:2).
. . . “In this was manifested the love of god toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world. Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God.” (1 John 4:9, 14-15).
. . . “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.” (Romans 5:8-10).
. . . “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” (Romans 6:23).
. . . “Jesus saith unto them, I am the way, the truth, and the life, no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.” (John 14:6).
. . . “For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth.” (Romans 1:16).
. . . “Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.” (Acts: 4:12).
. . . “Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth for there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” (1 Timothy 2:4-6).
. . . “For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Thessalonians 5:9).
. . . “But as many as received him, to them gave the power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.” (John 1:12).
True Church / Bride of Christ Spared from God’s Wrath:
Romans 5:8-10. “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.”
Romans 12:19. Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
1 Thessalonians 1:10. And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.
1 Thessalonians 5:9. For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
Romans 8:35. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
Jeremiah 30:7. Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob’s trouble, but he shall be saved out of it. Revelation 3:10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.