Pestilence Update

Pesticides banned in Europe found in New Zealand streams, study shows

Blog note. Jesus indicated that ‘fearful sights’ (various natural disasters) would occur leading up to the time known as the Tribulation and Great Tribulation (a combined seven year period of great destruction on earth). Although these types of things have occurred in the past for centuries and thousands of years, they could be identified as the ‘season of the times’ due to the ferociousness of these events. They would be occurring in greater intensity, severity, frequency, size, duration, scope … just like the pains that a woman experiences in labor the farther along she is in the labor process. We are in the ‘season of the times’ that comes just before the seven (7) year Tribulation/Great Tribulation period


… And great earthquakes shall be in diverse places, and famines, and pestilences; and fearful sights and great signs shall there be from heaven. (Luke 21:11).


… And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; (Luke 21:25)


… Men’s hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken; (Luke 21:26)


… This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. (2 Timothy 3:1)


Jesus is giving a series of prophecies about what to look for as the age of grace comes to a close. These verses are several of many such prophecies from throughout the Bible. 2017 was the worst year in recorded history for the intensity, frequency, severity, duration and occurrence of a large number of severe natural disasters worldwide. Earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, typhoons, cyclones, torrential flooding, unprecedented wildfires in unusual places, devastating droughts, excessive/scorching heat setting records everywhere, record snowfalls in Europe and Russia. Snow in the Arabia. This list can go on. Most studied Eschatologists believe these ‘fearful sights’ and massive natural disasters are all part of the ‘CONVERGENCE’ of signs that this Biblical and prophetic age is closing. Most people who study prophecy are familiar with the routine reference(s) made that these things will be like a woman having labor pains, growing in intensity, frequency, size and duration.

Pesticides banned in Europe found in New Zealand streams, study shows

Posted by Julie Celestial on September 8, 2019. Watchers.news

Banned pesticides in several European countries were found in New Zealand waterways and agricultural streams, according to a study by a team from the University of Otago.

The study was led by Associate Professor Christoph Matthaei from the University of Otago’s Department of Zoology, and Associate Professor Kimberly Hageman from Utah State University, formerly Department of Chemistry, University of Otago.

The researchers discovered six different pesticides at a single area after they studied 36 agricultural streams in Canterbury, Otago, Southland, and Waikato.

Two or more banned chemicals were also found at 75% of the areas, while four or more chemicals at 40%. All chemicals are still being used in the country.

Matthaei noted that although New Zealand conducts operations to monitor pesticides in waterways, they know little about pesticides in surface waters.

“This lack of knowledge on the distribution of pesticides and their concentrations in our waterways needs to be addressed. Not only are our freshwater fish species at risk, but so too are the animals they eat; aquatic insects such as mayflies and other invertebrates. We know from many overseas studies that these chemicals are detrimental to the entire freshwater ecosystem in the concentrations they’re being found in these countries. But relatively few New Zealanders are aware of this,” he stated.

Among the seven pesticides collected in waterways, the most common was chlorpyrifos which takes up 86% of the streams examined. The said chemical is illegal in eight European countries and in some residential sites in the United States and New Zealand.

“It’s daunting to think that if we test more we might well find more pesticides, as it has been the case in most European countries, but by better understanding the problem we have a greater chance of reducing it,” Matthaei added.

Reference

“Current-use pesticides in New Zealand streams: Comparing results from grab samples and three types of passive samplers” – Kimberly J. Hageman et al. – Environmental Pollution(2019) – DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.112973

Abstract

New Zealand uses more than a ton of pesticides each year; many of these are mobile, relatively persistent, and can make their way into waterways. While considerable effort goes into monitoring nutrients in agricultural streams and programs exist to monitor pesticides in groundwater, very little is known about pesticide detection frequencies, concentrations, or their potential impacts in New Zealand streams. We used the ‘Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler’ (POCIS) approach and grab water sampling to survey pesticide concentrations in 36 agricultural streams in Waikato, Canterbury, Otago and Southland during a period of stable stream flows in Austral summer 2017/18. We employed a new approach for calculating site-specific POCIS sampling rates. We also tested two novel passive samplers designed to reduce the effects of hydrodynamic conditions on sampling rates: the ‘Organic-Diffusive Gradients in Thin Films’ (o-DGT) aquatic passive sampler and microporous polyethylene tubes (MPTs) filled with Strata-X sorbent. Multiple pesticides were found at most sites; two or more were detected at 78% of sites, three or more at 69% of sites, and four or more at 39% of sites. Chlorpyrifos concentrations were the highest, with a maximum concentration of 180 ng/L. Concentrations of the other pesticides were generally below 20 ng/L. Mean concentrations of individual pesticides were not correlated with in-stream nutrient concentrations. The majority of pesticides were detected most frequently in POCIS, presumably due to its higher sampling rate and the relatively low concentrations of these pesticides. In contrast, chlorpyrifos was most frequently detected in grab samples. Chlorpyrifos concentrations at two sites were above the 21-day chronic ‘No Observable Effect Concentration’ (NOEC) values for fish and another two sites had concentrations greater than 50% of the NOEC. Otherwise, concentrations were well-below NOEC values, but close to the New Zealand Environmental Exposure Limits in several cases.

Categories: Pestilence Update

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