Four-fold Reference to Biblical Measurements:
- Reed … “And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship there: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles.” “And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof. And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the heights of it are equal.” (Rev. 11:1-2, 21:15-16). (Emphasis added).
- Cubit … “And he measured the wall thereof, and hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel.” (Rev. 21:17). (Emphasis added).
- Furlong … “And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the heights of it are equal.” (Rev. 21:16 ). (Emphasis added).
- Talent … “And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of hail; for the plague therof was exceeding great.” (Rev. 16:21). (Emphasis added)
A talent was the heaviest or largest biblical unit of measurement for weight, equal to about 75 pounds or 43 kilograms. Consider, for a moment, the physics behind a 75lb. frozen rock falling from the sky and hitting the earth. It is a little easier to understand if you start with a human skydiver or peregrine falcon. Based on wind resistance, for example, the terminal velocity of a skydiver in a belly-to-earth (i.e., face down) free-fall position is about 195 km/h (122 mph or 54 m/s). Higher speeds can be attained if the skydiver pulls in his or her limbs. In this case, the terminal velocity increases to about 320 km/h (200 mph or 90 m/s), which is almost the terminal velocity of the peregrine falcon diving down on its prey. The same terminal velocity is reached for a typical .30-06 bullet dropping downwards—when it is returning to earth having been fired upwards, or dropped from a tower—according to a 1920 U.S. Army Ordnance study. To put this into perspective, an average person falling from only 50 meters high and hitting the ground, is the equivalent of getting hit by a car that is going 112 km/h, or 70 miles per hour. The relationship looks like this, in km/h: The higher you are (or an object), the harder you (or an object) land. What about a large, frozen rock … like the weight of 75lb (34kg) hailstone, falling from a variety of distances above the earth?
Thus, a 75lb.| 43kg. Hail stone, formed in the atmosphere only eight (8) miles above the earth, would take apx. 50 seconds to fall and reach the earth’s surface, traveling at apx. 500 meters per second. What would the effect be if this hailstone hit a house, car, or a person? How about millions or billions of hailstones each weighing about 75lb. or 34kg, traveling at 500 meters/second? Rev. 16:21 indicates that the plague of hail “was exceeding great.” Consider the destruction and lethalness of only baseball sized (or even golf ball sized) hailstones. Either one of these size stones, hitting you in the head, would likely kill you. 75lb. hailstones would knock out HVAC systems on top of high rise buildings, electrical transformers, cell phone towers, microwave towers, radar arrays, above ground telecommunications equipment and antennae, portable generators, large vehicles like firefighting trucks, ambulances, guidance systems on aircraft, the list could go on and on. 75lb. frozen rocks, traveling 500 meters per second, could just about destroy anything above ground that is not double or triple reinforced.
A furlong is a measure of distance equal to one-eighth of a mile, equivalent to 660 feet. Eight (8) furlongs = One (1) mile. 12,000 furlongs = 1,500 miles. In terms of cubic miles, the New Jerusalem is 1,500 miles x 1,500 miles x 1,500 miles = 3,375,000,000 cubic miles. Length = Width = Height.
A cubit was measure of distance from the elbow to the finger tips. Different groups of people had slightly different lengths associated with a cubit, varying as much as a couple of inches. There are references to a short cubit and a long cubit. The difference is slight, in terms of inches. A long cubit was approximately twenty (20) inches (19.8” to 20.6”). One (1) cubit = twenty (20) inches. 144 cubits = 2,880 inches. 2,880 inches = 240 feet. I believe this is the most accurate assessment of the height of the wall in New Jerusalem as 24 is symbolically represented in other descriptions of the city. Twelve (12) represents divinely constituted organization, either in heaven or earth. Since 240 (feet) is a multiple of 12 and 24, I think it is logical to believe that 240 feet (as the height of the great wall) fits perfectly within the divine measurements of the city of New Jerusalem. Using any other measurement (other than 20” for a cubit) would result in very odd / fractional measurements of the height of the great wall. God didn’t measure or design his New Jerusalem with ‘odd’ lengths or inconsistent units of measurement.
Categories: Revelation of Jesus Christ